viagra amsterdam viagra at boots pfizer viagra 100mg genuine viagra for sale viagra germany cialis malaysia viagra price comparison viagra manila powerful viagra tadalafil 5mg buy viagra with discover card cialis singapore walmart levitra viagra free shipping viagra online cyprus viagra testimonials cost of viagra per pill viagra professional vs viagra buy viagra from india discover card viagra buy strong viagra inexpensive viagra viagra professional boots the chemist viagra viagra deals canada tadalafil get viagra ireland cialis experiences viagra gels canadian pharmacy viagra scam singapore viagra edmonton viagra cialis espanol london drugs viagra buying viagra in mexico viagra equivalent to buy viagra in singapore cialis sales viagra in dublin cialis 20mg price viagra pills for sale generic viagra india safe tadalafil overnight delivery viagra online reviews cialis mailing list cialis 20mg dosage cialis in ireland viagra hq toronto buy viagra london generic cialis uk meaning of viagra viagra toronto how much is levitra paypal cialis cialis en espanol 36 hour cialis online levitra half life to buy cialis in toronto viagra 100 mg best price buying viagra in spain buy cialis in toronto substitute of viagra in india buy generic cialis in canada viagra 100 levitra etkileri viagra prices buy cialis with paypal new cialis different kinds of viagra cialis super active viagra ontario viagra directions for use viagra blindness symptoms levitra malaysia buy levitra online canada best deals on viagra viagra 50mg 100mg cipla generic cialis viagra kako deluje walmart cialis liquid viagra online viagra uk boots tadalafil bestellen online viagra sales sildenafil online otc cialis generic viagra from india buy cialis using paypal cialis in toronto newsletter viagra cialis 20mg viagra ebay viagra super active vs viagra professional female viagra cocktail buy generic viagra paypal mygra sildenafil boots viagra online viagra canada viagra spray cialis walmart price india cialis female viagra canada viagra payment paypal vardenafil duration viagra jellies cialis for sale viagra for women for sale 36 hr cialis viagra in ireland levitra price comparison levitra 10mg viagra london viagra in nigeria getting viagra in ireland levitra hong kong strong viagra levitra generic canada buying viagra online wal mart pharmacy prices cialis viagra professional scam what does a viagra pill look like buy viagra in ireland sildenafil tablets 100 mg viagra paypal uk to buy viagra in manila to buy viagra in stores female viagra 100mg female pink viagra 100mg pills cialis miami how much does cialis cost with insurance cialis for young men cialis daily generic does online viagra work wholesale viagra viagra coupon walmart viagra best generic viagra review cialis testimonials viagra gel sachets bayer levitra viagra edmonton levitra vs cialis tadalafil india is generic viagra real tadalafil uk generic viagra alternatives viagra natural casera viagra no prescription paypal how to get viagra in singapore best generic viagra reviews buy cialis from india cialis rash viagra price cialis bayer best generic viagra cialis walgreens price generic viagra overnight shipping vardenafil price buy cialis online with paypal how much is viagra at walmart cialis in mexico best price on cialis cost of viagra without insurance buy generic cialis uk viagra 100mg pfizer tadalafil canada viagra high blood pressure generic viagra reviews vardenafil viagra paypal payment generic levitra from india cialis 200mg levitra duration hong kong viagra cialis uk viagra canada no prescription viagra de pharmacy express viagra cialis levitra vpxl how to buy viagra viagra europe cialis generic canada viagra substitutes over the counter sildenafil generic india viagra online no prescription walmart viagra pricing real viagra buying viagra in tijuana tadalafil usa viagra india price viagra recreational use viagra by cipla cialis 36 hour online viagra in srilanka pfizer viagra packaging how much does viagra cost at walmart cialis daily synthesis sildenafil viagra results before after shelf life of levitra why does cialis use bathtubs levitra thailand buy generic cialis cialis soft 20mg levitra review cipla cialis levitra coupon viagra for sale in dublin viagra for sale paypal viagra in uae cialis canadian pharmacy cost of levitra at walmart to buy viagra kako deluje viagra viagra in hindi viagra boots london aurochem sildenafil sildenafil 50mg costco cialis cialis price in malaysia vardenafil generico viagra in sydney cialis online paypal how to ask your doctor for viagra buy cialis buy viagra with pay pal levitra paypal can i buy viagra in toronto viagra in spain viagra prices walmart levitra professional uk sildenafil generic cialis 100mg pills viagra toronto canada tijuana viagra most powerful viagra viagra tablets for sale uk buying viagra in ireland c 20 il viagra generic levitra uk sildenafil citrate 50mg uk viagra tube viagra brisbane can you take viagra cialis together tadalafil walmart prices for viagra overnight shipping viagra viagra dubai wikipedia viagra sildenafil tablets 100mg cialis ireland online pharmacy viagra in costa rica vardenafil citrate viagra northern ireland cialis 10mg tablets cialis pills for sale viagra fast how much is levitra at walmart viagra for sale in ireland viagra long term effects compare generic cialis prices love viagra levitra vs viagra viagra instructions viagra boots tadalafil 20mg viagra in pakistan price cipla cialis review cialis professional buy cialis online paypal pink viagra for sale viagra cape town viagra gel sachets uk female viagra pill cialis price at walmart buy viagra paypal how to buy viagra in toronto buy tadalafil buy levitra from canada cialis super active plus buy viagra pay with paypal how to buy cialis em toronto cost of viagra best viagra deals generic cialis from canada viagra tablets levitra nedir generic viagra for sale how long does cialis take to work viagra for sale philippines viagra prices in pakistan viagra types to buy viagra in new york cialis 5mg reviews viagra generic date what does viagra do vardenafil duration of action levitra in india cheapest viagra to buy viagra in dubai generic tadalafil uk liquid viagra wild viagra uk cialis packaging levitra 20mg tadalafil soft gelatin capsules dp viagra can you buy viagra over the counter in spain price of viagra in india viagra shoppers drug mart cialis instructions buy viagra in cyprus viagra prices cvs viagra next day delivery usa price of levitra at walmart viagra in malaysia brand viagra online cialis prices at walmart tadalafil grapefruit viagra jelly uk viagra with no prescription how much does viagra cost in mexico cialis 100mg dosage viagra expiration date viagra before after buy viagra online ireland viagra alternatives viagra power viagra with dapoxetine female pink viagra buy viagra in singapore viagra price in pakistan price of viagra in mexico viagra soft tabs uk ranbaxy levitra viagra alternatives for sale walmart pharmacy cialis ebay viagra walmart pharmacy viagra price sildenafil citrate 100mg uk is generic cialis from india safe cialis price walmart is viagra legal in ireland cialis costco generic viagra canada is generic cialis safe viagra gel uk discount cialis canada viagra in south korea viagra for sale in uk buy viagra in dubai viagra in hyderabad to buy viagra in glasgow buy cialis in singapore gel viagra viagra in toronto cialis tablets buy viagra new york bangkok viagra viagra uae aurochem cialis what do viagra pills look like viagra forum canada generic levitra india viagra sales cialis sale online levitra price how long before cialis kicks in shoppers drug mart cialis to buy viagra in shanghai sildenafil alternatives viagra without subscription cheap viagra kgr 100 viagra cialis with dapoxetine fast acting viagra is the cialis from canada any good pharmacy online ireland cialis viagra soft tabs red viagra cost of viagra at walmart buying viagra in costa rica can you buy viagra without prescription shanghai viagra viagra power 100 viagra cyprus cialis super active 20mg buy viagra per pill viagra sales uk cialis 100mg viagra mexico viagra newsletter walmart levitra price amazon viagra buying viagra ireland viagra dapoxetine cialis benefits buy viagra in delhi viagra instructions for use brand viagra offers viagra sale mexico viagra canadian viagra scam how to obtain viagra pfizer viagra online levitra forum viagra tablets in hyderabad sildenafil jelly youtube viagra does viagra really work buy viagra using paypal pharmacy sildenafil viagra 100 mg pfizer cialis 1800 viagra overnight shipping vardenafil tablets levitra kaufen viagra soft tabs review viagra online india cialis pills long term effects of viagra viagra price walmart cvs viagra levitra at walmart generic cialis next day delivery sildenafil tablets viagra sale singapore sildenafil citrate how many viagra can i take kamagra sildenafil next day delivery cialis sign up for viagra cialis best price buy viagra online no prescription cialis one a day cialis spray nude viagra brand name viagra original viagra for sale levitra testimonials viagra japan cialis dubai pfizer viagra reviews cialis expiration date buy viagra edmonton online pharmacy viagra long term side effects of viagra female cialis review cialis at walmart viagra in mexico buying viagra in singapore female viagra review what is the shelf life of cialis viagra available in chennai viagra for women in india cialis in dubai ebay cialis cialis for sale online levitra dosage sildenafil temple how much is viagra in boots viagra tablets in bangalore viagra uk cialis online viagra denver sildenafil citrate 50mg viagra price uk how much is viagra in canada generic viagra suppliers brand cialis viagra online pay with paypal viagra tablets in chennai viagra not working over the counter viagra when will generic viagra be available sildenafil troche cialis online canada pfizer viagra for sale viagra american express cialis ontario generic viagra offers walmart pharmacy cialis price cheap cialis uk viagra in stores viagra canada pharmacy scam tadalafil best price viagra wikipedia viagra 50mg online viagra for sale without prescription cialis c20 tadalafil generic canada viagra directions cheap cialis in canada viagra pay by paypal viagra buy paypal how much viagra cost viagra india online cialis gel canadian pharmacy viagra what is viagra jelly viagra forum how many viagra can you take in a day can i buy viagra in dubai how to get viagra is generic levitra safe does generic viagra look like viagra ingredients generic viagra mastercard is generic viagra safe viagra cvs cost of viagra in chennai paypal viagra cialis dosage instructions buy viagra online next day delivery viagra nz buy liquid viagra sildenafil synthesis cheap cialis cipla viagra viagra sales online is viagra legal in australia vardenafil aurochem shelf life of cialis cialis 5 mg brand cialis for sale viagra en espanol buy viagra in new york discount viagra who sells viagra sildenafil ireland viagra soft generic viagra paypal buy 36 hour cialis viagra alcohol how much does cialis cost how much does viagra cost in the uk cialis headache remedy buy cialis no prescription levitra reviews levitra grapefruit chinese viagra viagra tablets in india brand viagra no prescription female viagra cocktail recipe how much is viagra in uk buy viagra in calgary cialis 40 mg natural viagra alternatives solubility of sildenafil viagra tablets price in pakistan price of viagra in delhi how much does viagra cost in ireland viagra in shanghai viagra vancouver viagra online edmonton viagra oil herbal viagra au buy viagra online using paypal vardenafil india viagra for sale in canada pink viagra for women ingredients in cialis cutting cialis in half brand cialis canada cialis australia cialis lilly buy viagra online canada buying viagra in dubai different types of viagra what do viagra tablets look like tadalafil para que serve viagra sachets cialis at rite aid viagra generic paypal viagra philippines viagra versus cialis rite aid cialis price to get viagra in toronto cialis cost in canada cialis vs viagra tadalafil from india cheap brand viagra female viagra for sale topical sildenafil how much does viagra cost at target cialis professional wikipedia sunrise tadalafil what does viagra cost at walmart vardenafil canada how much is viagra in the philippines viagra overdose viagra hong kong super active viagra viagra for sale uk boots viagra viagra professional uk can you buy viagra over the counter viagra ie viagra street price buy viagra in spain buying viagra in hong kong tadalafil brands daily use cialis sildenafil 50 mg boots ireland viagra viagra in singapore deals on viagra shelf life viagra cialis price cialis in spain c20 viagra tadalafil generic uk sildenafil gel viagra headquarter toronto viagra 100mg tablets viagra tablets for men cvs cialis viagra in calgary cialis gel tabs buy viagra from usa tadalafil soft tablets buy viagra in london viagra australia herbal viagra dublin liquid viagra uk viagra price in indian rupees viagra online boots cialis canada viagra results viagra at walmart how much is cialis with insurance cialis cvs vardenafil hcl 20mg tab sildenafil genfar tijuana pharmacy viagra viagra paypal checkout pfizer viagra cialis headache viagra 25mg online cialis soft tabs vs cialis buying viagra in france street value for viagra viagra online paypal generic cialis overnight shipping levitra philippines to buy viagra in hong kong viagra spain over the counter how much is a viagra prescription vardenafil dosage how much does cialis cost without insurance viagra in hong kong best price tadalafil viagra light switch buy viagra online why does viagra cost so much cialis before after cheapest viagra online cost of viagra in mexico cialis import cialis professional uk i want to buy viagra how to get viagra in ontario cost of viagra tablets in india viagra over the counter levitra sildenafil canada viagra on ebay viagra in northern ireland cialis england viagra for sell viagra professional review vigra viagra email list generic tadalafil canada viagra dp cipla viagra review how much is cialis without insurance viagra san diego buy viagra in shanghai viagra costa rica how much is viagra with insurance how many viagra should i take levitra cost walmart cialis overnight shipping calgary viagra cialis cost how long does viagra last sildenafil citrate tablets 100mg pfizer viagra price viagra price in chennai cheap cialis next day delivery cialis bathtub symbolism buy viagra in toronto how to get viagra in ireland bayviagra viagra in delhi super cialis everyday cialis cialis 20mg reviews lowest price on cialis cialis paypal non prescription viagra viagra costs viagra for sale ireland tadalafil over the counter viagra articles viagra availability in delhi cyprus viagra viagra for sale in spain viagra 100mg prices viagra gel to buy viagra in edmonton cialis paypal payment cialis super active reviews viagra in denver buy viagra online usa viagra price canada cialis cost per pill levitra price walmart cialis walgreens buy viagra viagra substitute sildenafil soft tablets 100mg what does viagra look like viagra super active uk viagra shelf life viagra uk paypal cost of viagra 100mg viagra gold buy viagra online with paypal viagra pay with pay pal how much is cialis at walgreens viagra alcohol side effects viagra 50mg sildenafil soft tablets cialis super active plus reviews sildenafil dapoxetine brand viagra 100mg can i buy viagra in singapore free cialis viagra online uk paypal wikipedia cialis pfizer viagra price in india tadalafil tablets viagra quotes tadalafil dosage buy viagra in germany sildenafil powder viagra online viagra substitute over the counter sildenafil levitra generic viagra online next day delivery brand viagra for sale cialis etkileri viagra with paypal sildenafil dosage better than viagra walmart viagra price viagra liquid viagra melbourne viagra in japan to buy viagra in kuala lumpur viagra dose free viagra viagra for women viagra in boots female cialis cialis pro gold viagra cialis south africa much does viagra cost walmart levitra 20mg price how much do viagra pills cost viagra price at walmart buy viagra discover card cialis bangkok viagra user reviews viagra reviews cialis wiki buy vardenafil uk cipla viagra reviews does cialis really work brand levitra 20mg cialis free offer cialis over the counter canada cialis via paypal viagra in dubai deals tadalafil tablets 20 mg viagra calgary cialis bayer 20 how much does viagra cost with a prescription vardenafil side effects generic cialis paypal payment generic viagra scam viagra for sale in south africa walmart tadalafil generic viagra price how much does viagra cost with insurance buy viagra online no prescription uk viagra hk jelly viagra viagra substitute uk viagra in cape town sildenafil citrate 100mg canada cialis 5 mg daily cost of cialis without insurance viagra brand cialis information is there a viagra for women generic cialis mexican how much does viagra cost in canada brand viagra canada viagra with discover card can i get viagra in chennai viagra manchester viagra price in dubai cialis side effects pharmacy express viagra how long cialis take to work cialis professional 20 mg viagra fast delivery generic levitra reviews las vegas viagra viagra suppliers tadalafil overnight viagra in dubai pharmacy costa rica viagra generic viagra next day delivery generic viagra discover card cheap viagra 100mg real viagra online viagra without prescription viagra coupons india tadalafil viagra price in uae viagra dublin viagra fedex levitra plus cialis prices costco pharmacy cialis levitra 20 mg buy viagra in pakistan viagra atlanta viagra dose size india generic viagra viagra 25mg cvs pharmacy cialis viagra for sale in usa natural viagra sildenafil online canada how much is viagra in mexico buy viagra in hong kong vardenafil hydrochloride shelf life of viagra cialis from india can i get viagra in ireland viagra for sale in london is viagra legal in singapore how long does cialis last viagra 100mg pills buy generic viagra using paypal cost of viagra in canada viagra offer brand cialis online viagra pro how much viagra is safe to take boots cialis viagra for sale canada viagra london drugs belize viagra viagra paypal canada levitra professional how many years can you take viagra cialis tablets for sale sri lanka viagra buy viagra ireland cialis cipla how much viagra is safe vardenafil hci buy viagra with paypal how many viagra kuala lumpur viagra levitra ireland cialis coupon online levitra pro viagra malaysia pharmacy levitra cost at walmart india generic cialis viagra in chennai viagra for sale cheap what does generic viagra look like dubai viagra viagra pills cialis for sale in canada generic cialis reviews generic viagra ireland viagra jakarta sildenafil citrate canada how much does a viagra prescription cost viagra copyright how does sildenafil work can i buy viagra in ireland india viagra viagra cost canada canadian pharmacy online cialis generic viagra uk cialis generic vardenafil hcl cialis ireland viagra not working anymore viagra for sale australia viagra mailing list viagra for women in hindi pink cialis viagra online without prescription reviews next day viagra delivery cialis getting pregnant viagra for girls temple sildenafil levitra super active plus viagra street value viagra next day delivery viagra sri lanka how much viagra to take viagra grapefruit cialis prices cvs levitra 20mg dosage generic viagra uk paypal brand viagra vardenafil uk levitra side effects viagra under tongue cialis india viagra malaysia street value of viagra viagra costs per pill viagra shipped from canada buy viagra in mexico viagra tablets for women how much should viagra cost can i buy viagra in mexico viagra discover card online viagra ireland cialis tadalafil viagra japao buy viagra through paypal sildenafil alcohol viagra cost at walmart levitra walmart price mens viagra generic cialis in canada cheap viagra uk paypal mechanism of action of viagra what schedule is viagra female viagra uk tadalafil generic india how much is viagra in south africa viagra casera viagra dosage instructions tadalafil 20mg canada generic cialis paypal viagra perth buy cialis ireland buy cialis in canada viagra pills for men tadalafil sunrise cialis ebay cialis capsule aurochem laboratories generic cialis reviews how does viagra work viagra 100mg price buying viagra online ireland cialis 10mg dosage levitra yan etkileri buy levitra in canada girls viagra viagra nyc viagra online canada viagra in london cialis mexico buy viagra toronto cialis headache relief viagra online paypal uk viagra in india price is it illegal to buy viagra online viagra pay with paypal online viagra review viagra cheap spanish viagra viagra soft 100mg cialis coupon generic viagra safety viagra cocktail sildenafil solubility cialis 5mg price female viagra in india levitra tablet levitra in delhi sildenafil india cialis reviews boots viagra supplier viagra c20 viagra pfizer cialis walmart viagra in kuwait viagra headache levitra jelly viagra tablets price in india viagra vs cialis proviagra cialis capsules how much does viagra cost without insurance viagra cost per pill cialis 5mg viagra professional 100mg cialis from mexico how many viagra pills can i take viagra discount prices viagra in cyprus how much is viagra without insurance buy viagra in france levitra 20mg tablets cialis prices walmart brand cialis no prescription shelf life cialis cialis 10mg next day delivery viagra viagra grapefruit interaction viagra in south africa levitra shelf life levitra prices walmart viagra tablets for sale viagra soft gels viagra greece buy viagra online in ireland cialis liquid tadalafil generic how much is viagra on the street super viagra plus to buy viagra in ireland generic viagra india buy viagra in malaysia viagra from mexico viagra in oil how many viagra can you take super viagra uk viagra price comparisons how much is viagra in ireland cialis original levitra professional online genericviagra me uk viagra side effects best over the counter viagra substitute buy viagra montreal american viagra viagra canada paypal plant vigra best over the counter viagra buy viagra in sri lanka price of cialis at walmart cialis ireland online is viagra safe cialis bathtub meaning mexico cialis does generic cialis work viagra in dubai cialis soft tabs review viagra gel sale cialis pink what is cialis used for generic viagra from canada levitra canada cialis daily cost walmart price for cialis cialis 20mg canada before after viagra viagra pics mechanism of viagra synthesis of sildenafil generic viagra free shipping sildenafil 100mg canadian viagra no prescription overnight viagra delivery generic cialis india before after cialis tadalafil ingredients over the counter cialis cialis shelf life viagra 100mg price walmart viagra 100mg for sale cialis for daily use viagra casero viagra pricing viagra prices at walmart cheap pfizer viagra online vardenafil 10mg cialis canada online pharmacy walmart cialis price generic cialis 100mg how to buy viagra in singapore viagra cost walmart costco cialis price viagra for sale no prescription buy female viagra uk viagra for men female viagra to buy how much does viagra cost cialis generic uk viagra light viagra viagra tijuana levitra generico pink viagra sildenafil citrate online buy viagra japan cutting viagra in half sildenafil liquid viagra uk next day delivery types of viagra viagra orange county how much is viagra viagra voucher walmart pharmacy viagra sildenafil citrate uk viagra ireland online viagra sign up buy viagra online with paypal cheap viagra usa aurochem viagra viagra shanghai cheap viagra for sale generic viagra fast shipping cialis daily online free female viagra viagra online without prescription buy viagra without prescription buy female viagra viagra gel caps buying viagra in london 36 hour cialis cost of cialis at costco can i buy viagra with paypal viagra benefits sildenafil from india viagra professional vs viagra super active viagra 100mg to buy viagra in toronto viagra on line para que serve tadalafil walgreens viagra price viagra super active plus cialis daily reviews boots viagra london viagra wiki viagra sales in canada viagra price in sri lanka generic cialis for daily use viagra price in delhi viagra for sale sildenafil aurochem tadalafil overdose is cialis over the counter in canada buy generic cialis online uk viagra flavored 100mg to buy viagra in calgary female viagra cheap tadalafil viagra tablets in pakistan brand levitra white viagra cialis cost canada is cialis better than viagra cvs viagra price cost of cialis at walmart viagra ireland viagra under the tongue viagra brochure cialis japan viagra 200mg cialis dapoxetine viagra co uk viagra online ireland cheap viagra pills cialis dosage tadalafil soft gelatin capsule cialis jelly viagra building generic cialis from india viagra in pakistan viagra in sri lanka cialis dosage 40 mg cialis yan etkileri viagra online australia viagra natural viagra packaging cialis not working viagra dosage buy viagra singapore organic cialis levitra price at walmart cialis price comparison viagra pills look like viagra gel for sale viagra half life bay viagra cialis vs viagra reviews viagra montreal viagra super active reviews viagra price in malaysia sildenafil citrate 100mg tadalafil cheapest viagra sydney viagra at shoppers drug mart cialis blog viagra vietnam generic viagra online reviews price of viagra tablets in india cialis 10mg vs 20mg cialis professional vs cialis viagra no japao generic viagra review how much is viagra on prescription does walmart have viagra buy viagra online paypal viagra mechanism tadalafil chewable viagra generic sildenafil 100mg viagra glasgow how much is cialis online viagra reviews can you buy viagra over the counter in canada grapefruit viagra interaction viagra online nz substitute for viagra cialis wikipedia canada pink viagra buy cialis paypal cialis over the counter cheap viagra next day delivery cialis kontraindikacije cialis canada reviews cialis jelly sachet viagra knock offs cialis forum buying viagra in germany best price cialis 20mg does generic viagra work tadalafil professional generic viagra price comparison viagra singapore dapoxetine cialis walgreens cialis price walmart sell viagra best place to buy viagra online cialis 50mg generic viagra 50mg how long for cialis to work generic levitra canada viagra c20 cialis super strength viagra viagra kuwait how much does cialis cost in canada to buy viagra in south korea levitra online canada viagra in india hyderabad buy chinese viagra viagra super active Erectile Dysfunction cialis directions is viagra over the counter try viagra for free viagra meaning viagra available in delhi levitra meaning viagra best price levitra in windsor buy viagra online australia viagra kuala lumpur different type of viagra viagra kgr 100 viagra jelly herbal viagra amsterdam viagra singapore viagra legal buy viagra in dublin wild viagra vardenafil cipla price of viagra at walgreens before after viagra pics benefits of cialis were to buy viagra cialis super active review pay for viagra with paypal cialis 10mg price viagra cipla cialis side effects in men viagra capsules cialis spain viagra via paypal cheap viagra for sale uk cheap generic cialis uk cialis europe generic super cialis viagra discount coupon buy sildenafil levitra price walgreens original viagra pfizer paypal payment for viagra viagra 50mg canada what is the shelf life of viagra how much is viagra worth viagra in kuala lumpur levitra professional reviews shoppers drug mart viagra viagra blood pressure generic cialis 200mg viagra price in india viagra alternative bayer cialis generic viagra viagra before after pics buy viagra dublin cialis ie viagra indianapolis levitra in thailand viagra las vegas viagra headache cure to buy viagra in hyderabad generic viagra professional 100mg super viagra sildenafil price levitra professional cheapest what is viagra gold sildenafil pronunciation generic tadalafil review viagra online no prescription uk generic cialis cialis uk next day delivery viagra quick delivery grapefruit viagra viagra youtube generic cialis review legal age to buy viagra generic tadalafil viagra paypal viagra cost buy viagra spain boots chemist viagra over the counter viagra substitute viagra south africa viagra long term side effects does walmart sell viagra viagra fast shipping what is the street value of viagra generic names for viagra levitra india 6 5 9 0 Green Integer Books, Green Integer Review 5, Douglas Messerli on Witold Gombrowicz

NEW ADDRESS
Green Integer | 6210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 211 | Los Angeles, CA 90048 | (323) 857-1115 | Contact Us

Essays, Manifestos, Statements, Speeches, Maxims, Epistles, Diaristic Jottings, Narratives, Natural histories, Poems, Plays, Performances, Ramblings, Revelations, and all such ephemera as may appear necessary to bring society into a slight tremolo of confusion and fright at least.


Home
Complete Catalog
Green Integer
On Net
Over the Years
Recent Titles
Best Sellers
Contact
About
Links

Green Integer Review

No. 5 (Nov 2006)
Poetry & Fiction, Interviews, Essays & Reviews, Bios, Links
Douglas Messerli, Editor


Douglas Messerli

The Serving Class [on Witold Gombrowicz]


The Serving Class

Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke (Warsaw: Towarzystwo Wydawnicze Rój, 1937).
Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke, translated by Eric Mosbacher (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1961).
Witold Gombrowicz, Kosmos (Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 1986)
Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke, translated by Danuta Borchardt (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2000).
Witold Gombrowicz, Pamiętnikz okresu dojrzewania (Poland, 1933).
Witold Gombrowicz, Bakakaj (Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 1957).
Witold Gombrowicz, Bacacay, translated from the Polish by Bill Johnston (New York: Archipelago Books, 2002).
Witold Gombrowicaz, Cosmos, translated from the Polish by Danuta Borchardt (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2005).

 

Gombrowicz’s great masterwork of Polish literature, Ferdydurke was published in Warsaw in 1937, and over the years has been twice translated into English. The current edition, published by Yale University Press, seems destined to become the authoritative edition—although some critics have argued that the changes most put forward by the new translator Danuta Borchardt are not that central to the reading; and for some readers the favorite edition remains Eric Mosbacher’s translation of the early 1960s. Since I don’t read Polish, and have forgotten my experience of first reading, I’ll offer no opinion on this issue.

     No one seems to know the exact source or meaning of the novel’s title—which has no particular meaning or obvious association in Polish culture; some argue it was appropriated from Sinclair Lewis’ Babbitt character, Freddy Durkee. It hardly matters, for Gombrowicz’s tale is centered on three interconnected stories of institutional domination and the infantilization of the individual that follows. In the first section, Joey, an adult in his 30s is suddenly abducted by his former school-teacher, T. Plimko, “a doctor of philosophy and a professor, in reality just a schoolteacher, a cultural philologue from Kraków, short and light, skinny, bald, wearing spectacles, pin-striped trousers, a jacket, yellow buckskin shoes, his fingernails large and yellow.” Joey is taken away and returned to sixth grade, where—in Lewis Carroll-like absurdity—he towers among his fellow students without anyone seeming to notice his age or stature. Through a series of verbal abuses, ritualistic mutterings (which includes the conjugation of Latin adverbs and statements like “…We teachers love you little chickies, chirp, chirp, chirp, you know: ‘suffer the little ones to come unto me.’”) Joey is imprisoned and belittled into submission at his new institution.

     Gombrowicz hilariously mocks not only the teaching in this absurd world, but the students who through their language have grotesquely twisted their thinking to the empty logic of the system: “And what perfidious whims and airs have perchance caused the person of my dear Sir to present himself so tardily at this dump of a school?” chirps one of the students. Another laughs idiotically, saying “Could it be that amours for a damsel have delayed our colegus venerabilis? Is this perchance why our presumptuous colegus so languidus est?” Given such meaningless jargon, the linguistic battles between students Syphon and Kneadus become a world of hyper-speech that is a good match to our cypertalk and advertising jargon of today.

     Just when it appears that Joey could not be further humiliated, he is sent to live in the home of a bourgeois family, the Youngbloods, where he falls ridiculously in love with the daughter, who as a “modern schoolgirl,” creates a pattern of  perpetual seduction and punishment of her would-be suitor. To get back at the girl and family, Joey plots to entrap his professor in the girl’s room, which ends in an absurd free-for-all on the floor of the room where she has been discovered by her parents with a young student and Plimko both. Humiliation and denigration has again won the day, and Joey is left with no alternative but to escape.

     His escape with fellow student Kneadus to the country, however, bodes no better for the future. For Kneadus has suddenly transformed his love of young serving girls to a homoerotic search for young farmhands. Joey and Kneadus retreat to the farm of Joey’s uncle and aunt, where indeed Kneadus finds the object of his desire, much to the consternation of the elderly couple, Joey, and the young valet,Valek. Joey’s attempt to take Kneadus from the house in a final escape ends in perhaps the funniest scene in the book, as the master of the house, hearing Joey, Kneadus and Valek on the escape, enters the room—gun in hand. Lights out, they remain frozen in position as the farmer searches for them, soon joined by Joey’s cousins—who, in turn, all freeze in panic as the butler enters with a paraffin lamp. Each individual, terrified of discovery, pretends a kind of nonexistence until the room is filled, Gombrowicz hints, with a world of inexplicable ghosts.

     Before one can have a world of absurd bureaucracy, one must have a world of individuals willing to submit.

     In Bacacay, made up of sections from Ferdydurke and seven earlier short stories, we see the roots of Gombrowicz’s thinking and perceive the grotesque humor which already characterized his writing before the great novel. “Lawyer Kraykowski’s Dancer” begins very similarly to Arthur Schnitzler’s short novel, Lieutenant Gustl: a man at a concert is insulted by another. But while Schnitzler’s Lieutenant suffers such indignation that he imagines murder and suicide, the narrator of Gombrowicz’s story follows his tormentor, observing his patterns of life and ultimately becoming so infatuated with the figure that he looses his mind; encountering the lawyer in the park he goes into a kind of wild, bacchic dance that reminds one a bit of Martha Graham’s mad dance of Medea. Revenge may be his, but he has lost life in the process, and, accordingly, ends up worse than Schnitzler’s insufferable soldier.

      A judge on a business visit to a landed gentry’s manor, finds his client dead, and is convinced that, although there are no outward signs, that it was a murder. “A Premediated Crime” is a Grombrowicz’s version of a murder mystery—with his usual inversion of reality: there is no true evidence of murder. Convinced the man did not die of a normal heart attack but was asphyxiated, the hero stays on with the family, suspecting each of them and uncovering some rather bizarre behavior and lies. Ultimately, it is determined that all the family members expected, perhaps even sought out, his death, but had locked themselves in their rooms at night. Under the pressure of suspicion, however, the son suddenly admits the murder. The judge has no alternative but to admit, however, that there is no evidence, no marks upon the deceased man’s neck. In an absurd reversal to childhood, the judge retreats to the wardrobe of the dead man’s room, as the son or, perhaps, another family member, enters to place the evidence of his finger marks upon the dead man’s neck. In a world of such absurd suspicion, Gombrowicz indicates, one cannot but become a criminal. Like Kafka’s K, in a society of suspicion even the guiltless are necessarily guilty.

      “Dinner at Countess Pavhoke’s” reiterates many of the themes of Ferdydurke, as a young commoner is taken into the world of high Society. Here too there is an absurd twisting of language, as the new guest attempts to match the poeticized sentiments of the other guests. Attending one of the countess’s “meatless evenings,” he quips “This soup’s deliciously filling--/And made, what’s more, without corpses or killing.”  But the other highly cultured guests gradually begin to reveal their coarseness and malice. As they eat their way through the supposedly delectable vegetarian dishes, the outsider and reader gradually began to comprehend the cook has served them up various courses of human flesh. Indeed, everything is “a matter of taste” if one understands that such acculturated “tastes” depend upon the destruction of the serving class.  

 

Los Angeles, November 15, 2005

 

 

 

 

 

Readers and critics generally agree that Gombrowicz’s masterpiece is Ferdydurke, while his other works are less interesting experimentations. My favorite of his fictions, however, is his last, Cosmos, a work I find to be far more troubling and yet deeply comic than his satiric portrait of an infantilized society. As Gombrowicz himself commented on this work: “Cosmos for me, is black, first and foremost black, something like a black churning current full of whirls, stoppages, flood waters, a black water carrying lots of refuse, and there is man gazing at it—gazing at it and swept by it—trying to decipher, to understand and to bind it into some kind of a whole…”

      The author aptly summarizes his fiction, but in typical Gombrowicz style he has, one recognizes, expressed truths with a bit of tongue-in-cheek. For, although it is most certainly the darkest of the writings under consideration in this essay, it is also the most grandly comic, a comedy that transpires without eliciting much outright laughter.

      If the characters of Ferdydurke and Bacacay predicate their actions upon a society devoted to servitude, so too does the “hero” of Cosmos—a young Polish student seeking a place of peace to study for his university exams—serves what he might express as a “higher cause.” This student does not intend to obey “others”—he has just had a terrible fight with his father and family, presumably over the direction of his career—but is determined to serve “the truth.” What he does not recognize, however, is that his university-learned “truths”—truths built upon rational connections of the human mind, associatively-constructed realities predicated on the sensate signifiers of the surrounding world—may reveal nothing and lead one down a labyrinth of inane relationships that result, in the end, in madness. If as a child I laughed at my grandmother when she proclaimed “If you think too much, you may go mad,” Gombrowicz helps us to perceive that indeed it is possible if one too carefully follows the modernist principles of psychologically realist literature and art.

     “Only connect,” proclaimed E. M. Foster (in the epigraph to his novel Howards End), one of modernist fictions most adamant proscribers. Witold takes that command at face value as he attempts to comprehend the world around him, leading to a despairing impasse that only a post-modernist-before-the-fact-writer such as Gombrowicz could have forseen.

      As the young student begins his search for housing in the small town Zakopane, he suddenly runs into an old acquaintance, Fuks, who suggests they share a place on the outskirts of town, where rooms are cheaper. Off they trudge into the countryside, resting momentarily in a thicket where, as they turn to leave, they discover a terrible “crime,” a dead sparrow hanging from a wire hooked onto a branch high in a tree, “its head to one side, its beak wide open.” The sparrow has clearly been killed and hung there for all to see. Who could have done such a deed? And why?

     The troubled students find a house advertising rooms nearby, and knocking at the door are greeted by a housekeeper with a strangely deformed mouth. They take a room, noticing in another empty room a young woman lying upon a mattress, her leg dangling across the metal mesh of the bed. Everything in this Zakophone farmhouse seems slightly awry and out of place to these young would-be intellects, who yet perceive that there is nothing outwardly strange about any of it.

    Joining the Wojty family for dinner, the young student and his companion experience what might be perceived as a normal evening meal as a series of strange events. As with Gombrowic’s dectective in his “A Premitated Crime,” for these would-be detectives the more things appear as normal, the stranger they become. There is a troubling connection between the “slithering” lips of the housekeeper Katasia and the “slippery” lips of the Wojty’s daughter, Lena. For the young student, in turn, these have some relationship he cannot explain to the nearby executed sparrow. Exhausted from his travels, he still cannot sleep, and discovers that Fuks has disappeared into the night. Has he snuck into Lena’s room, returned to observe the sparrow in the moonlight?

    The following day, the young man observes what appears to be an arrow upon the wall of the room adjoining their dining space; Fuks points out a similar arrow-like stain on the ceiling of their bedroom. Is someone trying to tell them something, point out a path to follow in their search for the “murderer” of the innocent beast?

    Late at night, with comically inventive tools, they “scientifically” attempt to follow the path of the arrow into the backyard, where they are led to an old building where, nearby, a stick is hanging? Is the hanging stick related to the hanging bird? A nearby whiffletree seems to be pointing in the same direction; is someone observing them from the windows of the house?

    These ridiculously tenuous connections lead the students on a maddening search for meaning which ultimately involves the entire family—the mother (dubbed Roly-Poly by the boys); the distracted and logorrheic husband, Leon; Lena and her husband Ludvik; as well as the mysterious Katasia—in an internal investigation which occasionally reveals each as lonely and somewhat desperate, but just as often leads to blind alleys which the narrator’s mind refuses to accept. He himself becomes engulfed in the strange events as he inexplicably strangles Lena’s pet cat and hangs it, connecting himself with the never-ending trail of “evidence.”

    Ultimately, as Leon leads them on a day trip into the nearby mountains, the rational world is replaced by more and more startlingly insane interconnections as the seemingly innocent family members and friends are caught up in their own webs of symbols and associations, ultimately leading to a strange night-time celebration of Leon’s only extra-martial affair—culminating in an incomprehensible private language and public masturbation—and the apparent suicide of Ludvick, discovered hanging from a tree. By this time the narrator has become as mad as any of his imaginary perpetrators, forcing his fingers into the mouth of the dead man —a mouth somehow connected in his psychologically tangled “plot” with Lena and Katshsia—and, later, stuffing them into the mouth of a priest the travelers have picked up on their voyage into these wilds.

     By fiction’s end the narrator has experienced a kind of mental overload of information, has attempted so desperately to connect the pieces of the sensate world that he can no longer function—a flood of information paralleling a sudden deluge in the natural world:

Loose, dense drops, we lift our heads, it suddenly poured buckets,
water came down in sheets, a sudden wind rose, panic, everyone
running for the nearest tree, but the pines are leaking, dripping,
dribbling, water, water, water, wet hair, backs, thighs, and just
ahead of us in the dark darkness a vertical fall of falling water
interrupted solely by despairing flashlights, then, in the light of
the flashlights, one could see it pour, fall, also streams, waterfalls,
lakes, it drips, spurts, splashes, lakes, seas, currents of gurgling
water and a bit of straw, stick, carried by water, disappearing....

Our young hero returns to Warsaw, to war with his father, problems, complications, difficulties….: in other words, he is forced to once more to deal with the “real” world of human interchange—a world often without answers, without the strained connections of a pretending art.   

Los Angeles, June 12, 2006

 

 

Return to Top

 

 


Copyright ©2006 by Douglas Messerli

 

      
Green Integer Review
   No. 1, Jan-Feb 2006
   No. 2, Mar-Apr 2006
   No. 3, May-July 2006
   No. 4, Aug-Oct 2006
   No. 5, Nov 2006
   No. 6, Dec 2006
   No. 7, Feb 2007
   No. 8, Mar-May 2007
   No. 9, Jun-Oct 2007
   No. 10 Nov-Dec 2007
 PIP Poet Biographies
 America Awards
 Mr. Knife, Miss Fork
 Recent Book Reviews

NEW ADDRESS
Green Integer | 6210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 211 | Los Angeles, CA 90048
(323) 857-1115 | Contact Us

©2006, Green Integer , All Rights Reserved