viagra kgr 100 viagra gel cialis tablets for sale cialis 20mg canada viagra costa rica generic levitra india how many viagra should i take walmart pharmacy viagra cialis walgreens price vardenafil price cialis 10mg viagra cost canada viagra ingredients sildenafil gel costco cialis viagra before after pics best generic viagra review levitra 20mg dosage how to obtain viagra viagra price in sri lanka cialis online viagra vietnam sildenafil citrate uk viagra results buy viagra with discover card canadian pharmacy viagra scam viagra dapoxetine cialis super active reviews viagra deals compare generic cialis prices viagra 100mg for sale generic levitra canada vardenafil duration cialis uk next day delivery how much is cialis without insurance viagra tablets for women cialis 20mg reviews viagra in kuwait viagra headache cure viagra for sale in usa viagra uk next day delivery viagra fast delivery brand cialis for sale viagra for sale in spain viagra co uk cialis mexico cialis 40 mg viagra ie cvs viagra price viagra malaysia to buy viagra in new york viagra oil discount cialis canada viagra for sale in uk viagra cost per pill cyprus viagra tadalafil sunrise viagra side effects walmart cialis canadian pharmacy viagra cialis from india cialis with dapoxetine to buy viagra in kuala lumpur viagra overnight shipping viagra pro tadalafil dosage cialis free offer boots chemist viagra viagra tablets for sale viagra benefits pink cialis bangkok viagra walmart levitra gold viagra generic levitra reviews generic viagra india viagra online cyprus viagra 100 mg pfizer viagra substitute over the counter does generic viagra work how to buy viagra price of cialis at walmart cialis via paypal cialis professional 20 mg cialis cost canada solubility of sildenafil cost of viagra in chennai viagra voucher walmart levitra price singapore viagra buying viagra in hong kong can i get viagra in ireland real viagra online tadalafil soft gelatin capsule cipla viagra sildenafil generic india how many viagra can you take in a day how long for cialis to work why does cialis use bathtubs generic cialis viagra professional review buy viagra in france buy viagra in dubai generic viagra price comparison buy cialis from india viagra prices cvs viagra 100mg prices what is the shelf life of viagra plant vigra cost of cialis at walmart buy sildenafil walmart prices for viagra costco cialis price how much viagra cost cialis in mexico wholesale viagra can i buy viagra in dubai cialis super active review viagra hq toronto tadalafil para que serve does viagra really work cialis 100mg dosage viagra recreational use viagra light switch dp viagra how much does viagra cost in mexico powerful viagra shelf life of cialis viagra amsterdam viagra soft tabs uk cialis benefits cialis daily cost viagra ireland online cialis price at walmart brand cialis online cialis kontraindikacije female viagra pill buy levitra online canada generic cialis paypal payment generic levitra from india buy viagra in cyprus cialis cipla love viagra viagra in denver cialis online paypal viagra headache viagra shelf life viagra glasgow viagra perth viagra for sale in london viagra toronto sildenafil citrate tablets 100mg tadalafil brands viagra australia buy viagra japan levitra online canada cialis walgreens how much is viagra on prescription viagra for sale in dublin what is the shelf life of cialis walmart price for cialis best price cialis 20mg levitra 10mg sildenafil aurochem cheapest viagra generic viagra from india buy viagra in new york viagra in shanghai cipla cialis review wikipedia viagra herbal viagra pink viagra for women walgreens viagra price how much is viagra in the philippines cialis sales viagra soft gels viagra soft levitra india viagra high blood pressure gel viagra cialis uk sildenafil synthesis generic cialis in canada viagra in chennai generic viagra free shipping buy cialis in toronto 36 hour cialis online viagra 50mg 100mg canadian pharmacy online cialis buy viagra ireland strong viagra levitra ireland edmonton viagra cialis 1800 viagra pills look like viagra knock offs india viagra buy viagra in shanghai viagra at shoppers drug mart is viagra safe what do viagra tablets look like buy viagra with pay pal viagra alternatives for sale sildenafil dosage how much is viagra with insurance viagra online next day delivery viagra in uae viagra forum cialis for young men generic viagra professional 100mg viagra tablets in pakistan vardenafil tablets to buy viagra in glasgow buy viagra in delhi viagra tablets price in pakistan viagra alternative female viagra what does a viagra pill look like buying viagra online ireland boots the chemist viagra buy viagra with paypal new cialis next day viagra delivery viagra price at walmart viagra costs per pill pfizer viagra reviews viagra in dubai deals viagra edmonton how much is levitra levitra shelf life viagra with discover card levitra forum levitra malaysia buy viagra per pill viagra with no prescription cialis bangkok viagra fedex viagra price uk cialis tablets levitra tablet cialis information best deals on viagra viagra japan viagra costs viagra fast shipping cialis side effects in men tadalafil bestellen cialis daily what is the street value of viagra buy viagra in singapore viagra hk costa rica viagra cialis ireland viagra on line viagra for sale canada buy viagra spain cialis dapoxetine viagra professional vs viagra super active vardenafil generico generic cialis overnight shipping viagra equivalent viagra in stores buy viagra london cheap pfizer viagra online how much does cialis cost in canada cialis getting pregnant generic viagra canada viagra singapore india generic viagra viagra substitute uk viagra soft tabs herbal viagra dublin buy liquid viagra cheap cialis in canada cialis gel tabs viagra sales uk tadalafil generic india viagra cost how much does viagra cost how many years can you take viagra cheap generic cialis uk chinese viagra boots viagra supplier buy cialis in canada viagra in kuala lumpur sildenafil 100mg canadian viagra canada brand viagra online original viagra pfizer much does viagra cost walmart types of viagra tadalafil grapefruit cialis for sale viagra for sale in ireland best over the counter viagra shoppers drug mart viagra boots viagra online viagra no prescription before after cialis viagra boots viagra prices in pakistan buy viagra toronto tijuana viagra viagra pricing aurochem sildenafil cialis reviews how much viagra to take viagra building tadalafil overnight sildenafil soft tablets 100mg does generic cialis work price of viagra in mexico generic cialis from india viagra sri lanka levitra 20mg tablets viagra blood pressure buy generic cialis online uk sildenafil temple viagra sales levitra half life vardenafil viagra in cyprus viagra online without prescription viagra paypal canada cost of cialis without insurance viagra nyc cialis mailing list tadalafil overdose shelf life of viagra cialis best price how much is viagra in mexico cialis headache over the counter viagra substitute how much viagra is safe to take how much do viagra pills cost generic cialis next day delivery viagra for sale ireland viagra user reviews viagra kako deluje viagra en espanol cialis canada viagra shoppers drug mart viagra professional scam sildenafil online canada hong kong viagra liquid viagra uk pink viagra cost of viagra tablets in india best generic viagra reviews how to buy cialis em toronto cialis instructions cialis for sale in canada levitra reviews cialis 5mg reviews how much does viagra cost with a prescription viagra canada no prescription brand viagra viagra online ireland viagra germany levitra generic viagra results before after cialis expiration date how much viagra is safe benefits of cialis cialis super active 20mg levitra vs cialis buy levitra in canada walmart viagra pricing cialis jelly sachet viagra for women in hindi viagra sales online cheap cialis next day delivery cialis experiences how long does cialis last levitra canada viagra denver mens viagra viagra cape town brand cialis canada viagra youtube viagra sales in canada buy viagra singapore viagra before after inexpensive viagra paypal payment for viagra meaning of viagra super viagra cost of viagra in mexico natural viagra alternatives what schedule is viagra viagra soft tabs review viagra paypal buy viagra in malaysia tadalafil generic cialis overnight shipping viagra for sale cheap cialis headache remedy viagra brand buying viagra in singapore to buy viagra in calgary cialis england cialis dubai is it illegal to buy viagra online cialis pills how much is viagra in south africa boots cialis generic viagra offers cialis paypal payment generic viagra scam sildenafil viagra free shipping viagra price in delhi cialis malaysia generic viagra 50mg levitra coupon levitra generico levitra in india how much is viagra at walmart generic cialis mexican why does viagra cost so much viagra without prescription cialis testimonials pfizer viagra price levitra price walmart viagra online india most powerful viagra best price on cialis viagra price in pakistan amazon viagra how much is cialis levitra kaufen viagra at boots tadalafil 20mg canada cialis 20mg price viagra nz cost of levitra at walmart viagra in india hyderabad viagra in dublin viagra payment paypal tadalafil uk pharmacy express viagra cialis levitra vpxl viagra 100 viagra canada pharmacy scam generic viagra india safe cialis ebay how to buy viagra in singapore levitra grapefruit cialis original viagra testimonials cialis super active sildenafil india cialis prices walmart viagra with dapoxetine viagra best price cost of cialis at costco viagra greece levitra in windsor buy levitra from canada topical sildenafil tadalafil chewable how much does cialis cost without insurance cialis coupon generic tadalafil viagra in hyderabad female viagra in india lowest price on cialis viagra melbourne cialis singapore viagra viagra kuwait cialis bathtub meaning aurochem viagra viagra in toronto cialis cvs how much is viagra worth levitra 20 mg viagra dosage female viagra cocktail canada tadalafil how many viagra can you take generic cialis from canada buy viagra pay with paypal viagra online australia can i get viagra in chennai viagra c20 cialis sildenafil solubility i want to buy viagra viagra flavored 100mg viagra discount coupon singapore viagra legal generic cialis india viagra ebay buy generic viagra paypal tadalafil soft tablets cialis 36 hour online viagra price canada viagra newsletter viagra for sale in south africa buy cialis online paypal liquid viagra is generic levitra safe genericviagra me uk vigra how long does viagra last cialis india viagra liquid how much does viagra cost at target buy cialis no prescription viagra tube paypal viagra buy viagra online with paypal generic cialis paypal viagra malaysia pharmacy viagra in japan viagra tablets for sale uk buy viagra online using paypal shelf life viagra shelf life of levitra viagra for sale uk sildenafil canada kgr 100 viagra over the counter cialis generic names for viagra cialis packaging viagra uk cialis lilly viagra for sale australia does generic viagra look like is viagra over the counter vardenafil uk how long before cialis kicks in viagra 100mg pfizer viagra in sri lanka buy viagra from india levitra plus temple sildenafil sunrise tadalafil cialis super active plus brand name viagra wild viagra uk viagra for girls generic viagra discover card viagra pay with pay pal can i buy viagra in mexico walgreens cialis price viagra vs cialis viagra super active viagra uae viagra offer cialis import female viagra 100mg dubai viagra viagra at walmart viagra street price viagra without subscription cialis paypal viagra mexico viagra in india price viagra c20 viagra manchester substitute of viagra in india synthesis of sildenafil sildenafil tablets 100mg sildenafil price bayviagra shelf life cialis everyday cialis before after viagra pics viagra online paypal uk viagra online reviews cialis canadian pharmacy levitra professional sildenafil jelly viagra next day delivery viagra sale viagra gels viagra packaging viagra de cialis cost per pill spanish viagra mechanism of action of viagra free viagra viagra alcohol side effects cialis directions cvs viagra cialis price in malaysia kamagra sildenafil viagra india online best price tadalafil to buy viagra in hong kong pfizer viagra price in india belize viagra to buy viagra in hyderabad viagra discount prices viagra blindness symptoms pfizer viagra packaging viagra price in indian rupees online viagra reviews how long does cialis take to work walmart pharmacy cialis how much does a viagra prescription cost tadalafil soft gelatin capsules cialis coupon online viagra pics best over the counter viagra substitute sildenafil 100mg cialis dosage viagra coupon viagra power 100 aurochem laboratories generic cialis reviews better than viagra pfizer viagra cialis yan etkileri brand viagra 100mg generic viagra fast shipping non prescription viagra tadalafil 20mg levitra walmart price viagra uk boots buy viagra edmonton cialis ie street value for viagra viagra online no prescription uk cialis super active plus reviews viagra tablets for men viagra online nz buying viagra in ireland viagra over the counter female pink viagra brand cialis buy viagra online price of viagra tablets in india viagra suppliers viagra power pfizer viagra 100mg viagra spain over the counter viagra jelly uk viagra versus cialis viagra in spain cipla cialis viagra for sale without prescription is generic cialis from india safe sildenafil pronunciation viagra 100 mg best price cialis generic cialis over the counter cialis in ireland cutting cialis in half buy viagra in hong kong tadalafil generic uk cialis 20mg para que serve tadalafil ebay cialis viagra hong kong female pink viagra 100mg pills viagra in hindi cialis 5 mg viagra gel caps aurochem cialis herbal viagra au cialis tadalafil how much does viagra cost without insurance viagra sale singapore cialis soft tabs review generic viagra price how long cialis take to work viagra northern ireland cialis price walmart is cialis over the counter in canada cialis in dubai cialis over the counter canada daily use cialis walmart viagra cialis dosage 40 mg viagra pills substitute for viagra buy viagra in pakistan tadalafil generic canada before after viagra buy female viagra viagra soft 100mg buy generic cialis in canada wikipedia cialis different type of viagra cialis ireland online viagra manila vardenafil canada cialis espanol buy 36 hour cialis cialis prices cialis not working viagra in ireland generic tadalafil uk generic tadalafil canada cialis generic uk cialis australia sildenafil online buy viagra online no prescription uk vardenafil dosage levitra in delhi viagra by cipla viagra in northern ireland over the counter viagra cialis for sale online vardenafil hcl london drugs viagra buying viagra in dubai sildenafil dapoxetine cialis price cialis bayer viagra online canada las vegas viagra viagra instructions ebay viagra levitra etkileri bayer levitra best viagra deals cialis at walmart cheap viagra for sale uk to buy viagra in shanghai cialis spain viagra in srilanka buy cialis using paypal brand cialis no prescription can you buy viagra over the counter sildenafil 50 mg cheap viagra can you buy viagra over the counter in canada genuine viagra for sale c20 viagra cialis professional wikipedia walmart pharmacy cialis price sildenafil alcohol best generic viagra buying viagra ireland walmart sell viagra viagra quick delivery female cialis how much does viagra cost in canada viagra europe cialis japan how much does viagra cost in the uk cialis ireland online pharmacy price of levitra at walmart cialis europe levitra at walmart viagra sachets viagra long term side effects Erectile Dysfunction viagra london viagra indianapolis generic viagra review viagra in london levitra side effects deals on viagra cialis cost in canada cialis bayer 20 viagra dubai female viagra review viagra 100mg pills tadalafil india viagra substitutes over the counter cialis in spain what does generic viagra look like price of viagra in delhi synthesis sildenafil cialis from mexico sildenafil liquid cheap viagra next day delivery generic cialis reviews buy viagra without prescription cialis forum to buy viagra in toronto vardenafil duration of action buying viagra in france viagra dp how to get viagra in ontario levitra 20mg can you buy viagra without prescription sildenafil ireland wild viagra brand viagra for sale viagra online paypal cialis 10mg tablets buying viagra in mexico buy vardenafil uk viagra japao what is cialis used for viagra tablets in hyderabad viagra in hong kong cialis wikipedia viagra for sale paypal generic viagra mastercard cheap tadalafil cialis at rite aid viagra paypal payment buy viagra new york cialis professional how much is levitra at walmart how much is viagra in canada buy viagra in calgary levitra nedir viagra prices walmart kako deluje viagra cialis spray brand viagra canada sri lanka viagra female viagra for sale viagra casera buy cialis with paypal buying viagra in spain how does sildenafil work cialis before after cialis soft tabs vs cialis viagra for women for sale how many viagra viagra london drugs levitra generic canada female viagra to buy how to ask your doctor for viagra is viagra legal in singapore free female viagra jelly viagra viagra super active vs viagra professional how much is viagra in uk levitra professional cheapest discount viagra buy viagra online ireland viagra instructions for use viagra dose size when will generic viagra be available buy strong viagra buy viagra cvs cialis female viagra uk cialis vs viagra reviews levitra professional uk levitra price at walmart super strength viagra white viagra buy cialis ireland viagra in singapore viagra tablets in chennai cipla generic cialis viagra 50mg viagra no japao cialis 5mg can i buy viagra in toronto cialis rash what does viagra look like tadalafil professional youtube viagra cialis ontario viagra 50mg online viagra natural viagra no prescription paypal brand levitra 20mg what does viagra cost at walmart generic viagra next day delivery viagra cipla cialis daily generic discover card viagra brand viagra offers to buy viagra in edmonton levitra vs viagra viagra paypal checkout to buy viagra in dubai otc cialis levitra pro cialis pro viagra gold viagra tablets generic levitra uk is the cialis from canada any good viagra price in chennai cialis 100mg pills levitra dosage cvs pharmacy cialis sildenafil troche walmart tadalafil viagra usa viagra buy paypal to get viagra in toronto viagra cost walmart how much should viagra cost how much does viagra cost at walmart viagra casero cialis 5 mg daily cialis 10mg dosage online viagra review cipla viagra review is there a viagra for women cialis en espanol viagra gel sale viagra dublin does cialis really work to buy cialis in toronto viagra sign up boots ireland viagra walmart pharmacy viagra price viagra professional vs viagra getting viagra in ireland viagra cost at walmart cheap viagra for sale viagra in pakistan price viagra kuala lumpur buy viagra paypal cialis canada reviews viagra online edmonton mygra sildenafil best place to buy viagra online buy viagra online no prescription viagra email list levitra super active plus generic cialis for daily use viagra dose buy viagra in germany is cialis better than viagra viagra forum canada original viagra for sale levitra 20mg price what is viagra gold buy viagra discover card cialis 20mg dosage viagra street value sildenafil citrate 50mg uk cost of viagra at walmart levitra meaning viagra online without prescription reviews proviagra viagra coupons is viagra legal in australia cialis price comparison cheap brand viagra viagra dosage instructions buy viagra online australia viagra online uk paypal viagra for sale in canada viagra generic sign up for viagra viagra price in malaysia viagra in south africa grapefruit viagra interaction viagra headquarter toronto generic viagra from canada to buy viagra in stores vardenafil hydrochloride cialis etkileri viagra next day delivery usa viagra overdose sildenafil citrate 100mg canada super cialis legal age to buy viagra sildenafil citrate 100mg viagra discover card female viagra canada free cialis does walmart have viagra cost of viagra without insurance cialis blog how much is cialis with insurance ranbaxy levitra mexico viagra kuala lumpur viagra viagra grapefruit tadalafil viagra super active plus viagra in oil viagra south africa newsletter viagra to buy viagra in singapore viagra under tongue cheap viagra uk paypal tadalafil from india tadalafil best price generic viagra suppliers viagra canada paypal viagra tablets in india generic viagra uk paypal viagra on ebay generic super cialis viagra sydney viagra atlanta viagra prices india cialis viagra gel for sale sildenafil citrate 50mg viagra expiration date girls viagra viagra pills for sale buy cialis online with paypal viagra half life buy cialis nude viagra cost of viagra in canada buy viagra in dublin viagra capsules viagra in boots buying viagra online is generic viagra safe generic cialis uk amsterdam viagra buy viagra in sri lanka viagra reviews cialis walmart price viagra shipped from canada grapefruit viagra sildenafil tablets 100 mg generic cialis 200mg viagra pay by paypal levitra hong kong buy viagra dublin viagra professional 100mg buy viagra through paypal online pharmacy viagra buy tadalafil vardenafil hcl 20mg tab can i buy viagra in singapore levitra testimonials how many viagra can i take cialis shelf life cialis one a day viagra brisbane viagra super active reviews wal mart pharmacy prices cialis viagra 25mg viagra boots london next day delivery viagra next day delivery cialis buy cialis in singapore buying viagra in germany cialis in toronto buy viagra in mexico mexico cialis viagra professional sildenafil citrate 100mg uk is generic viagra real viagra price in uae 36 hr cialis generic viagra paypal buy viagra online canada super viagra uk cutting viagra in half cialis gel buy viagra online in ireland buying viagra in costa rica viagra gel uk how much does viagra cost in ireland viagra price comparisons levitra prices walmart cialis costco india generic cialis viagra generic paypal pharmacy online ireland cialis viagra for sale no prescription how much does cialis cost levitra jelly viagra orange county viagra available in chennai india tadalafil buy viagra in london how much is viagra without insurance can i buy viagra in ireland sildenafil from india viagra cheap viagra alternatives viagra tablets in bangalore tadalafil cheapest buy chinese viagra cialis bathtub symbolism cialis pills for sale cialis daily reviews cialis 10mg price cost of viagra per pill online viagra ireland buy viagra online next day delivery sildenafil citrate viagra types viagra online no prescription tadalafil canada viagra professional uk viagra price comparison cialis professional vs cialis cialis professional uk viagra in mexico female viagra cocktail recipe buy viagra online usa how much is viagra on the street viagra in cape town liquid viagra online sildenafil powder how to get viagra in singapore cialis walmart buy viagra in spain viagra jelly cialis south africa tadalafil usa viagra in sydney generic viagra safety cialis capsules sildenafil 50mg tadalafil tablets pink viagra for sale viagra 100mg tablets walmart cialis price viagra paypal uk vardenafil india generic cialis review viagra 25mg online viagra shanghai generic viagra ireland viagra tablets price in india vardenafil side effects how much is viagra different types of viagra viagra wikipedia viagra price in dubai were to buy viagra female cialis review viagra natural casera viagra generic date walmart viagra price pay for viagra with paypal viagra price walmart buy viagra in toronto viagra in nigeria how much is a viagra prescription viagra jellies buy viagra in ireland levitra professional reviews viagra not working anymore viagra quotes viagra grapefruit interaction does walmart sell viagra viagra super active uk viagra wiki cialis online canada who sells viagra can you take viagra cialis together shanghai viagra viagra pills for men viagra jakarta to buy viagra in manila calgary viagra overnight viagra delivery viagra 100mg tadalafil ingredients viagra vancouver how much does cialis cost with insurance viagra for men to buy viagra in ireland cheap cialis viagra articles dapoxetine cialis viagra ireland viagra montreal viagra meaning vardenafil hci viagra ontario buying viagra in london viagra in pakistan to buy viagra in south korea tadalafil overnight delivery viagra in south korea generic tadalafil review levitra price walgreens viagra for women in india pharmacy sildenafil generic viagra reviews buy female viagra uk buy viagra using paypal viagra in dubai generic viagra uk boots viagra viagra gel sachets pharmacy express viagra brand levitra viagra cocktail buying viagra in tijuana pfizer viagra for sale super viagra plus mechanism of viagra cialis wiki viagra uk paypal cialis soft 20mg levitra thailand 36 hour cialis levitra cost at walmart what is viagra jelly viagra for women viagra pay with paypal vardenafil cipla viagra 200mg viagra toronto canada generic viagra overnight shipping is viagra legal in ireland vardenafil aurochem viagra for sale philippines viagra in calgary viagra pfizer viagra with paypal buy cialis paypal cheapest viagra online buy generic cialis uk bayer cialis sildenafil soft tablets viagra in dubai pharmacy price of viagra at walgreens can i buy viagra with paypal paypal cialis organic cialis buy viagra montreal viagra calgary viagra under the tongue tadalafil over the counter what do viagra pills look like sildenafil genfar cialis sale online cialis 200mg viagra 100mg price viagra cvs street value of viagra real viagra viagra via paypal cheap cialis uk vardenafil citrate can you buy viagra over the counter in spain cialis liquid online viagra sales viagra gel sachets uk sildenafil citrate online levitra viagra directions for use tijuana pharmacy viagra get viagra ireland viagra tijuana viagra online viagra not working long term effects of viagra cialis cost viagra 100mg price walmart viagra spray cialis prices at walmart viagra copyright how to buy viagra in toronto pfizer viagra online cialis generic canada how does viagra work tadalafil 5mg overnight shipping viagra tadalafil tablets 20 mg cialis canada online pharmacy viagra price in india generic cialis 100mg boots viagra london levitra in thailand red viagra viagra in costa rica viagra online pay with paypal buy generic viagra using paypal cost of viagra generic viagra viagra in malaysia viagra available in delhi try viagra for free generic viagra online reviews cialis headache relief viagra fast does online viagra work levitra price comparison cialis dosage instructions viagra brochure viagra india price cheap viagra pills to buy viagra viagra alcohol how much is viagra in ireland viagra mailing list generic viagra alternatives viagra directions cialis 50mg viagra from mexico cheap viagra 100mg viagra philippines ingredients in cialis cialis miami levitra yan etkileri viagra online boots sildenafil citrate canada cialis daily online levitra duration cialis for daily use cialis 100mg cialis 10mg vs 20mg different kinds of viagra viagra for sell cost of viagra 100mg vardenafil 10mg cialis c20 levitra philippines viagra american express viagra 50mg canada levitra paypal brand viagra no prescription levitra professional online generic viagra for sale super active viagra viagra cyprus c 20 il viagra canada pink viagra how much does viagra cost with insurance cialis side effects buy viagra online with paypal cheap long term side effects of viagra levitra review how much is cialis at walgreens cialis jelly canadian viagra scam viagra prices at walmart shoppers drug mart cialis viagra mechanism buy viagra from usa viagra in delhi how much is viagra in boots sildenafil alternatives costco pharmacy cialis price of viagra in india rite aid cialis price how to get viagra cialis vs viagra viagra long term effects cialis prices cvs viagra price buy viagra online paypal viagra availability in delhi how many viagra pills can i take cialis capsule buy generic cialis cialis pink fast acting viagra viagra substitute viagra las vegas natural viagra viagra light sildenafil tablets cialis 5mg price is generic cialis safe cipla viagra reviews viagra for sale levitra price sildenafil generic what does viagra do levitra cost walmart how to get viagra in ireland viagra san diego bay viagra american viagra 6 5 9 0 Green Integer Books, Green Integer Review 5, Douglas Messerli on Witold Gombrowicz

NEW ADDRESS
Green Integer | 6210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 211 | Los Angeles, CA 90048 | (323) 857-1115 | Contact Us

Essays, Manifestos, Statements, Speeches, Maxims, Epistles, Diaristic Jottings, Narratives, Natural histories, Poems, Plays, Performances, Ramblings, Revelations, and all such ephemera as may appear necessary to bring society into a slight tremolo of confusion and fright at least.


Home
Complete Catalog
Green Integer
On Net
Over the Years
Recent Titles
Best Sellers
Contact
About
Links

Green Integer Review

No. 5 (Nov 2006)
Poetry & Fiction, Interviews, Essays & Reviews, Bios, Links
Douglas Messerli, Editor


Douglas Messerli

The Serving Class [on Witold Gombrowicz]


The Serving Class

Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke (Warsaw: Towarzystwo Wydawnicze Rój, 1937).
Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke, translated by Eric Mosbacher (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1961).
Witold Gombrowicz, Kosmos (Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 1986)
Witold Gombrowicz, Ferdydurke, translated by Danuta Borchardt (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2000).
Witold Gombrowicz, Pamiętnikz okresu dojrzewania (Poland, 1933).
Witold Gombrowicz, Bakakaj (Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 1957).
Witold Gombrowicz, Bacacay, translated from the Polish by Bill Johnston (New York: Archipelago Books, 2002).
Witold Gombrowicaz, Cosmos, translated from the Polish by Danuta Borchardt (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2005).

 

Gombrowicz’s great masterwork of Polish literature, Ferdydurke was published in Warsaw in 1937, and over the years has been twice translated into English. The current edition, published by Yale University Press, seems destined to become the authoritative edition—although some critics have argued that the changes most put forward by the new translator Danuta Borchardt are not that central to the reading; and for some readers the favorite edition remains Eric Mosbacher’s translation of the early 1960s. Since I don’t read Polish, and have forgotten my experience of first reading, I’ll offer no opinion on this issue.

     No one seems to know the exact source or meaning of the novel’s title—which has no particular meaning or obvious association in Polish culture; some argue it was appropriated from Sinclair Lewis’ Babbitt character, Freddy Durkee. It hardly matters, for Gombrowicz’s tale is centered on three interconnected stories of institutional domination and the infantilization of the individual that follows. In the first section, Joey, an adult in his 30s is suddenly abducted by his former school-teacher, T. Plimko, “a doctor of philosophy and a professor, in reality just a schoolteacher, a cultural philologue from Kraków, short and light, skinny, bald, wearing spectacles, pin-striped trousers, a jacket, yellow buckskin shoes, his fingernails large and yellow.” Joey is taken away and returned to sixth grade, where—in Lewis Carroll-like absurdity—he towers among his fellow students without anyone seeming to notice his age or stature. Through a series of verbal abuses, ritualistic mutterings (which includes the conjugation of Latin adverbs and statements like “…We teachers love you little chickies, chirp, chirp, chirp, you know: ‘suffer the little ones to come unto me.’”) Joey is imprisoned and belittled into submission at his new institution.

     Gombrowicz hilariously mocks not only the teaching in this absurd world, but the students who through their language have grotesquely twisted their thinking to the empty logic of the system: “And what perfidious whims and airs have perchance caused the person of my dear Sir to present himself so tardily at this dump of a school?” chirps one of the students. Another laughs idiotically, saying “Could it be that amours for a damsel have delayed our colegus venerabilis? Is this perchance why our presumptuous colegus so languidus est?” Given such meaningless jargon, the linguistic battles between students Syphon and Kneadus become a world of hyper-speech that is a good match to our cypertalk and advertising jargon of today.

     Just when it appears that Joey could not be further humiliated, he is sent to live in the home of a bourgeois family, the Youngbloods, where he falls ridiculously in love with the daughter, who as a “modern schoolgirl,” creates a pattern of  perpetual seduction and punishment of her would-be suitor. To get back at the girl and family, Joey plots to entrap his professor in the girl’s room, which ends in an absurd free-for-all on the floor of the room where she has been discovered by her parents with a young student and Plimko both. Humiliation and denigration has again won the day, and Joey is left with no alternative but to escape.

     His escape with fellow student Kneadus to the country, however, bodes no better for the future. For Kneadus has suddenly transformed his love of young serving girls to a homoerotic search for young farmhands. Joey and Kneadus retreat to the farm of Joey’s uncle and aunt, where indeed Kneadus finds the object of his desire, much to the consternation of the elderly couple, Joey, and the young valet,Valek. Joey’s attempt to take Kneadus from the house in a final escape ends in perhaps the funniest scene in the book, as the master of the house, hearing Joey, Kneadus and Valek on the escape, enters the room—gun in hand. Lights out, they remain frozen in position as the farmer searches for them, soon joined by Joey’s cousins—who, in turn, all freeze in panic as the butler enters with a paraffin lamp. Each individual, terrified of discovery, pretends a kind of nonexistence until the room is filled, Gombrowicz hints, with a world of inexplicable ghosts.

     Before one can have a world of absurd bureaucracy, one must have a world of individuals willing to submit.

     In Bacacay, made up of sections from Ferdydurke and seven earlier short stories, we see the roots of Gombrowicz’s thinking and perceive the grotesque humor which already characterized his writing before the great novel. “Lawyer Kraykowski’s Dancer” begins very similarly to Arthur Schnitzler’s short novel, Lieutenant Gustl: a man at a concert is insulted by another. But while Schnitzler’s Lieutenant suffers such indignation that he imagines murder and suicide, the narrator of Gombrowicz’s story follows his tormentor, observing his patterns of life and ultimately becoming so infatuated with the figure that he looses his mind; encountering the lawyer in the park he goes into a kind of wild, bacchic dance that reminds one a bit of Martha Graham’s mad dance of Medea. Revenge may be his, but he has lost life in the process, and, accordingly, ends up worse than Schnitzler’s insufferable soldier.

      A judge on a business visit to a landed gentry’s manor, finds his client dead, and is convinced that, although there are no outward signs, that it was a murder. “A Premediated Crime” is a Grombrowicz’s version of a murder mystery—with his usual inversion of reality: there is no true evidence of murder. Convinced the man did not die of a normal heart attack but was asphyxiated, the hero stays on with the family, suspecting each of them and uncovering some rather bizarre behavior and lies. Ultimately, it is determined that all the family members expected, perhaps even sought out, his death, but had locked themselves in their rooms at night. Under the pressure of suspicion, however, the son suddenly admits the murder. The judge has no alternative but to admit, however, that there is no evidence, no marks upon the deceased man’s neck. In an absurd reversal to childhood, the judge retreats to the wardrobe of the dead man’s room, as the son or, perhaps, another family member, enters to place the evidence of his finger marks upon the dead man’s neck. In a world of such absurd suspicion, Gombrowicz indicates, one cannot but become a criminal. Like Kafka’s K, in a society of suspicion even the guiltless are necessarily guilty.

      “Dinner at Countess Pavhoke’s” reiterates many of the themes of Ferdydurke, as a young commoner is taken into the world of high Society. Here too there is an absurd twisting of language, as the new guest attempts to match the poeticized sentiments of the other guests. Attending one of the countess’s “meatless evenings,” he quips “This soup’s deliciously filling--/And made, what’s more, without corpses or killing.”  But the other highly cultured guests gradually begin to reveal their coarseness and malice. As they eat their way through the supposedly delectable vegetarian dishes, the outsider and reader gradually began to comprehend the cook has served them up various courses of human flesh. Indeed, everything is “a matter of taste” if one understands that such acculturated “tastes” depend upon the destruction of the serving class.  

 

Los Angeles, November 15, 2005

 

 

 

 

 

Readers and critics generally agree that Gombrowicz’s masterpiece is Ferdydurke, while his other works are less interesting experimentations. My favorite of his fictions, however, is his last, Cosmos, a work I find to be far more troubling and yet deeply comic than his satiric portrait of an infantilized society. As Gombrowicz himself commented on this work: “Cosmos for me, is black, first and foremost black, something like a black churning current full of whirls, stoppages, flood waters, a black water carrying lots of refuse, and there is man gazing at it—gazing at it and swept by it—trying to decipher, to understand and to bind it into some kind of a whole…”

      The author aptly summarizes his fiction, but in typical Gombrowicz style he has, one recognizes, expressed truths with a bit of tongue-in-cheek. For, although it is most certainly the darkest of the writings under consideration in this essay, it is also the most grandly comic, a comedy that transpires without eliciting much outright laughter.

      If the characters of Ferdydurke and Bacacay predicate their actions upon a society devoted to servitude, so too does the “hero” of Cosmos—a young Polish student seeking a place of peace to study for his university exams—serves what he might express as a “higher cause.” This student does not intend to obey “others”—he has just had a terrible fight with his father and family, presumably over the direction of his career—but is determined to serve “the truth.” What he does not recognize, however, is that his university-learned “truths”—truths built upon rational connections of the human mind, associatively-constructed realities predicated on the sensate signifiers of the surrounding world—may reveal nothing and lead one down a labyrinth of inane relationships that result, in the end, in madness. If as a child I laughed at my grandmother when she proclaimed “If you think too much, you may go mad,” Gombrowicz helps us to perceive that indeed it is possible if one too carefully follows the modernist principles of psychologically realist literature and art.

     “Only connect,” proclaimed E. M. Foster (in the epigraph to his novel Howards End), one of modernist fictions most adamant proscribers. Witold takes that command at face value as he attempts to comprehend the world around him, leading to a despairing impasse that only a post-modernist-before-the-fact-writer such as Gombrowicz could have forseen.

      As the young student begins his search for housing in the small town Zakopane, he suddenly runs into an old acquaintance, Fuks, who suggests they share a place on the outskirts of town, where rooms are cheaper. Off they trudge into the countryside, resting momentarily in a thicket where, as they turn to leave, they discover a terrible “crime,” a dead sparrow hanging from a wire hooked onto a branch high in a tree, “its head to one side, its beak wide open.” The sparrow has clearly been killed and hung there for all to see. Who could have done such a deed? And why?

     The troubled students find a house advertising rooms nearby, and knocking at the door are greeted by a housekeeper with a strangely deformed mouth. They take a room, noticing in another empty room a young woman lying upon a mattress, her leg dangling across the metal mesh of the bed. Everything in this Zakophone farmhouse seems slightly awry and out of place to these young would-be intellects, who yet perceive that there is nothing outwardly strange about any of it.

    Joining the Wojty family for dinner, the young student and his companion experience what might be perceived as a normal evening meal as a series of strange events. As with Gombrowic’s dectective in his “A Premitated Crime,” for these would-be detectives the more things appear as normal, the stranger they become. There is a troubling connection between the “slithering” lips of the housekeeper Katasia and the “slippery” lips of the Wojty’s daughter, Lena. For the young student, in turn, these have some relationship he cannot explain to the nearby executed sparrow. Exhausted from his travels, he still cannot sleep, and discovers that Fuks has disappeared into the night. Has he snuck into Lena’s room, returned to observe the sparrow in the moonlight?

    The following day, the young man observes what appears to be an arrow upon the wall of the room adjoining their dining space; Fuks points out a similar arrow-like stain on the ceiling of their bedroom. Is someone trying to tell them something, point out a path to follow in their search for the “murderer” of the innocent beast?

    Late at night, with comically inventive tools, they “scientifically” attempt to follow the path of the arrow into the backyard, where they are led to an old building where, nearby, a stick is hanging? Is the hanging stick related to the hanging bird? A nearby whiffletree seems to be pointing in the same direction; is someone observing them from the windows of the house?

    These ridiculously tenuous connections lead the students on a maddening search for meaning which ultimately involves the entire family—the mother (dubbed Roly-Poly by the boys); the distracted and logorrheic husband, Leon; Lena and her husband Ludvik; as well as the mysterious Katasia—in an internal investigation which occasionally reveals each as lonely and somewhat desperate, but just as often leads to blind alleys which the narrator’s mind refuses to accept. He himself becomes engulfed in the strange events as he inexplicably strangles Lena’s pet cat and hangs it, connecting himself with the never-ending trail of “evidence.”

    Ultimately, as Leon leads them on a day trip into the nearby mountains, the rational world is replaced by more and more startlingly insane interconnections as the seemingly innocent family members and friends are caught up in their own webs of symbols and associations, ultimately leading to a strange night-time celebration of Leon’s only extra-martial affair—culminating in an incomprehensible private language and public masturbation—and the apparent suicide of Ludvick, discovered hanging from a tree. By this time the narrator has become as mad as any of his imaginary perpetrators, forcing his fingers into the mouth of the dead man —a mouth somehow connected in his psychologically tangled “plot” with Lena and Katshsia—and, later, stuffing them into the mouth of a priest the travelers have picked up on their voyage into these wilds.

     By fiction’s end the narrator has experienced a kind of mental overload of information, has attempted so desperately to connect the pieces of the sensate world that he can no longer function—a flood of information paralleling a sudden deluge in the natural world:

Loose, dense drops, we lift our heads, it suddenly poured buckets,
water came down in sheets, a sudden wind rose, panic, everyone
running for the nearest tree, but the pines are leaking, dripping,
dribbling, water, water, water, wet hair, backs, thighs, and just
ahead of us in the dark darkness a vertical fall of falling water
interrupted solely by despairing flashlights, then, in the light of
the flashlights, one could see it pour, fall, also streams, waterfalls,
lakes, it drips, spurts, splashes, lakes, seas, currents of gurgling
water and a bit of straw, stick, carried by water, disappearing....

Our young hero returns to Warsaw, to war with his father, problems, complications, difficulties….: in other words, he is forced to once more to deal with the “real” world of human interchange—a world often without answers, without the strained connections of a pretending art.   

Los Angeles, June 12, 2006

 

 

Return to Top

 

 


Copyright ©2006 by Douglas Messerli

 

      
Green Integer Review
   No. 1, Jan-Feb 2006
   No. 2, Mar-Apr 2006
   No. 3, May-July 2006
   No. 4, Aug-Oct 2006
   No. 5, Nov 2006
   No. 6, Dec 2006
   No. 7, Feb 2007
   No. 8, Mar-May 2007
   No. 9, Jun-Oct 2007
   No. 10 Nov-Dec 2007
 PIP Poet Biographies
 America Awards
 Mr. Knife, Miss Fork
 Recent Book Reviews

NEW ADDRESS
Green Integer | 6210 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 211 | Los Angeles, CA 90048
(323) 857-1115 | Contact Us

©2006, Green Integer , All Rights Reserved